The Effect Of Bioinsecticide Granule Mixture Of Sugar Apple Seed (Annonae Squamosa) And Betel Leaf (Piper Betle) On Morphology Of Eggs Aedes Aegypti

  • Firdha Novitasari Public Health Graduate Program, Jember University
  • Dwi Wahyuni Faculty of mathematics and Natural Sciences, Jember University
  • Erma Sulistyaningsih
Keywords: Betel leaf, Sugar apple seeds, Aedes aegypti, Bioinsectide

Abstract

Introduction: Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is an important public health problem in Indonesia because its morbidity and mortality are quite high. Prevention by vector control methods with chemical insecticides adversely affects the environment. Research on granular bioinsectide mixture of betel leaf extract and sugar apple seeds against Aedes aegypti is expected to be used to break the chain of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes starting  from the juvenile stage  (eggs) as an effort to control the vector population naturally. Objective: This study aims to analyze the effect of granule bioinsecticide mixture of sugar apple seed extract and betel leaf on changes in the morphology of Aedes aegypti eggs. Methods: This study is a true-experimental study with a Post test Only Control Group Design design. The treatment group will be given a granular bioinsecticide, a mixture of sugar apple seed extract and betel leaf, positive control will be given abate while negative control will be given aquades. Each group uses 25 eggs with 3 repetitions. On day 3, all eggs will be observed using a stereo microscope to determine morphological changes. The data obtained will be analyzed using ordinal regression test. Results: the ordinal regression test got the value of ρ in the Wald test between (0.012 - 0.955)> α = 0.01. Conclusion: there is no effect of mixed granules of betel leaf and sugar apple seeds on the mortality of Aedes aegypti eggs. Further research is needed on new formulations using other natural ingredients to increase the effect of ovicides on Aedes aegypti.

Published
2021-04-16
How to Cite
Novitasari, F., Wahyuni, D., & Sulistyaningsih, E. (2021). The Effect Of Bioinsecticide Granule Mixture Of Sugar Apple Seed (Annonae Squamosa) And Betel Leaf (Piper Betle) On Morphology Of Eggs Aedes Aegypti. Jurnal Kesehatan Dr. Soebandi, 9(1), 26-30. https://doi.org/10.36858/jkds.v9i1.265